Briefing: Comprehensive Promotion of Rural Revitalization and Acceleration of Agricultural and Rural Modernization

primary school in Daliang Mountains of Sichuan Province

The Chinese Central Government released its first policy document of 2021, known as the “No. 1 document”, on February 21st. This blueprint document is seen as an indicator of policy priorities of the Chinese government. In line with all other previous No. 1 documents in the last 17 years, this year’s document, named ‘Rural Revitalization Strategy Comprehensively Promoted’, again highlights the development of rural areas and the agricultural sector.

According to the latest demographic data, China still has around 600 million people living in rural areas, and this number accounts for around 40% of the total population. Apart from growth and prosperity, China’s impressive development in the past 40 years has created imbalance and a great income gap between rural and urban areas, environmental disruption, less developed infrastructure in rural areas, and insufficient agricultural productivity among farmers.

primary school in Daliang Mountains of Sichuan ProvincePhoto: a primary school in Daliang Mountains of Sichuan Province, one of the poorest rural areas in China. The Chinese characters written on a mottled wall read “what is the future” 

Next to the recent No. 1 document, the National 14th Five-year Plan, which was officially approved by the National People’s Congress on 11 March, was released last October, and several crucial meetings in the national level recently all emphasize the governmental commitment to implementing the Rural Revitalization Strategy. The emphasises on rural area and the agricultural sector are often thought of as Chinese President Xi Jinping’s top mission. Without modernization of the rural areas and the agricultural sector, the ultimate political ambition of Xi, which is to build China into a “basic socialist modern nation”, cannot be achieved in 2035.

In order to stimulate the realization of the agricultural modernization, the document describes the governmental working plan from several perspectives, such as development of the seeds sector, strengthening technology and mechanized equipment for the agricultural sector, building up industrial and business chains in rural areas, and implementation of green development.

A new governmental organization, the National Rural Revitalization Bureau, was also established in the same week to coordinate policies and make sure all instructions from the central government will be implemented.

Influence on the Dutch horticultural sector

Generally speaking, the release of the document confirmed that the agricultural sector remains a priority for the government and rural areas will keep receiving governmental investments and policy support in the next few years. The governmental attention will also influence and steer a flow of private capital into the agricultural sector and rural areas.

As the saying goes, Rome wasn’t built in a day. The development gap, especially the technical and knowledge gap in the field of horticulture between the Netherlands and China, also cannot be caught up in the short term. It is predictable that foreign equipment and service providers, such as Dutch greenhouse builders and climate computer providers, still have a considerable market share in the next few years.

Apart from existing businesses such as greenhouse construction and greenhouse equipment, other service and equipment providers such as training, cooling logistics solutions and post-harvest processes have the possibility to get more business opportunities, since China aims to build a full industrial agricultural chain.

However, in the long run, since China will develop its own “core technology”, Chinese companies have potential to become a major competitor of the Dutch horticultural sector in both the Chinese domestic market and abroad, especially in other developing countries.

Dutch Greenhouse Nanhe Country Hebei ProvincePhoto: Chinese growers are working in a fully equipped Dutch style glass greenhouse in Nanhe County, Hebei Province

”Get to Know More” About Modern Greenhouses

Dutch Sino Business Promotions is publishing the ”Get to Know More about Modern Greenhouses” Articles every week  “Get to Know More” is a series of articles which DSBP is going to publish in the upcoming period, we will introduce more interesting topics about modern greenhouses to let you get to know more. So keep tuned and get to know more about the latest, most interesting, and most informative topics in this field! To keep up to date with our new articles, follow us on our WeChat account via the QR or link below.

Key points what to focus on when to balance the radiation and temperature – 10 March 2021

In the previous articles, it was mentioned that due to the fluctuations in daily climate change in actual situation, if the relevant factors can be considered and added to the influences in the setting of the climate computer, it will help the plant growth balance.

The picture of “Plant Empowerment” (below) also illustrates the effects of heating strategies and light radiation on plant growth.

Radiation and Temperature how to control

Learning the experience of Dutch growers is certainly important, but realizing data collection and analysis based on Chinese growers own situation is actually the first step to realize a customized temperature strategy.

Suggestion: draw a linear regression line:

Radiation Temperature Control

  1. For this “outstanding” point, it is necessary for the grower to specifically analyze the cause behind it to see whether the temperature strategy still needs improvement (exceptions: such as extreme weather conditions).
  2. If such “outstanding” points appear frequently, it means that there are indicators/influences that need to be adjusted and discussed in the temperature strategy.
  3. If the data is recorded and the graph is drawn regularly, when the data samples are sufficient and combined with the actual production (quality or yield), the grower should be able to get an intuitive impression of whether the specified temperature strategy is good or bad which could be guideline for growers themselves.

Key points what to focus on when we talk about irrigation strategy 2/2 by Daisy Zhang – 5 March 2021

In the last chapter, we talked about the key points of operation and the “golden rule”.

The content of this chapter will mainly introduce, what are the concepts and goals to consider and weigh in the optimization and formulation of irrigation strategies in greenhouse planting, and what practical effects are such operations to achieve? Of course, all the operations and controls need to be adapted to the local conditions and situation, but always good to understand what the principles are.

First, we need to know why roots are playing an important role.

Second, 3 key aspects are mentioned: a. first drain need to achieved around 11.00am; b. a good range of the general drain percentage: 25-35%; c. try to keep the reduced weight of the substrate by about 15% at night to achieve oxygen supply to the root system.

Key points what to focus on when we talk about irrigation strategy 1/2 by Daisy Zhang – 3 March 2021

With the increasing popularity of modern horticulture, from modern Dutch Venlo-style glass greenhouses to high-efficiency solar greenhouses, how to think about specifying a better and more optimized greenhouse climate strategy is worth discussing. Especially in the current winter conditions, if the effective solar radiation in the area is limited, the outdoor temperature is low, and the greenhouse is not equipped with additional CO2 supply equipment, etc., it is more important to grasp the irrigation strategy than other environmental factors.

Several key points of control and manipulation during the wintertime will be discussed: 

1) To regard the “golden rule” (3.0cc/joules) as a guideline, instead of a strict number.

2) The 3 main points when we talk about conducting a reasonable irrigation strategy with the Radiation influence:

– Each irrigation dose adjustment

– Influencing factor 1: How to control the time interval

– Influencing factor 2: how many joules of light accumulation trigger one irrigation

Key points when to control the greenhouse climate during wintertime by Daisy Zhang – 3 February 2021

The climate is gradually entering the deep winter. Most of the greenhouse vegetables transplanted in the autumn and winter are in the picking and harvesting period, and the vegetables planned to overwinter are mostly in the flowering and fruiting period. But if the temperature drops too low, the vegetables have the risk of cold pressure and chilling damage. If the greenhouse climate control and operation are not performed properly, it is easy to cause different levels of undesirable phenomena such as plant wilting, small fruits falling off, or deformity of fruits. 

As a leading role of modern agricultural technology, smart glass greenhouses have certain advantages compared with traditional solar greenhouses when facing the winter weather such as haze, light snow, and strong winds. Of course, it is necessary to control and adjust the climate in the greenhouse based on the local environment, such as actual temperature and humidity, to meet the requirements of crops. 

Several key points of control and manipulation during the wintertime will be discussed: 

1. High indoors RH 

2. How to heat the greenhouse 

3. Extra CO2 supply plays a role in controlling temperature.

EU and CHINA Fund Joint Research Project on Bioremediating Polluted Cities

On the 1st of January, 2021, the project EiCLaR was launched. This 6.7 million Euro project funded by the EU and China is composed of 13 EU and 5 Chinese partners.

EiCLaR will develop scientific and technical innovations for in situ bioremediation technologies that will be directly developed into industrial processes for the rapid, efficient, cost-effective treatment of a range of environmental pollutants such as chlorinated solvents, heavy metals and pesticides over the next 48 months. These technologies (Electro-Nanobioremediation, Monitored Bioaugmentation, Bioelectrochemical Remediation, and Enhanced Phytoremediation) will enable bioremediation approaches to expand their range of applications to industrial sites that contain complex, high concentration pollutant mixtures. This project will move the proof-of-concepts to industrial commercial processes through laboratory studies to explore the scientific base, scale-up techniques and field demonstrations. 

EiCLaR’s environmental sustainable and low impact methods will provide partners involved across contaminated land management value chains (researchers, site managers, developers, procurers, service providers, technology providers) with the tools to manage contaminated soil and groundwater, and improve the environmental quality across many sites throughout Europe and China.


Ecole Centrale de Lyon (Coordinator) (France)

R3 environmental technology limited (United Kingdom)

Technologiezentrum Wasser Karlsruhe (Water technology centre) (Germany)

University of Stuttgart (Germany)

Photon Water Technology s.r.o. (Czech Republic)

Waste Science and Technology, Luleå University of Technology (Sweden)

Technical University of Liberec (Czech Republic)

Société Publique d’Aide à la Qualité de l’Environnement (SPAQυE) (Belgium)

Contaminated Land: Applications in Real Environments (CL:AIRE) (United Kingdom)

Dutch Sino Business Promotions B.V (Netherlands)

BoSS Consult GmbH (Germany)

SERPOL (France)

EKOGRID OY (Finland)

The Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences (China) (Chinese coordinator)

Shanghai Jiao Tong University (China)

Zhejiang University (Hangzhou) (China)

China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) (China)

Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)

Province of Zuid Holland Online Chinese New Year Reception 2021

As one of the co-organizers, Dutch Sino Business Promotions, together with Province of Zuid-Holland and InnovationQuarter successfully organized an online Chinese New Year’s reception on 25 Feb, one day before the Lantern Festival, the closure of the New Year Celebrations.

The King’s Commissioner in Zuid-Holland Jaap Smit and new Chinese Ambassador H.E. Mr. TAN Jian were invited to deliver keynote speeches. Upon two keynote speeches, Miranda V. from TomatoWorld was invited by us to give a presentation about the sustainable food production of the Dutch horticultural sector, and Xiaoling Sun, Senior Area Manager of IQ gave the other presentation about Zuid-Holland Province.

The online reception was ended by an online quiz about Zuid-Holland where the top three winners of the quiz will receive a gift box, sponsored by InnovationQuarter and Tomatoworld.